Students in class

Horticulture Technology

Associate of Applied Science

PURPOSE: The Horticulture Technology program is designed to prepare students for a wide range of horticulture careers. Training is available for those who seek to begin a career track, and those who are changing careers. Individuals already in the green industry are invited to improve or upgrade their skills and knowledge with appropriate courses.

OCCUPATIONAL OBJECTIVES: The program offers hands-on laboratory work and classroom instruction in the design-install-maintain aspects of landscaping, in floral design, and in production of horticultural materials. Many of our graduates own and operate their own businesses, while others are employed by corporate, commercial, or governmental entities.

ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS: General college curricular admission

PROGRAM NOTES: Students in the Horticulture Technology program must complete a basic core of specified horticulture technology and general education courses. In addition, the students will select technical courses which match with their career objectives, in consultation with the program head.

Students who already have a two-year, four-year, or graduate degree should request that their transcripts be sent to the college registrar if transfer credit is desired. It is strongly recommended that students meet with the program head or counselor either before registering or early in their first semester of study.

COMPUTER COMPETENCY REQUIREMENT: Students in this program will meet the college’s computer competency requirement by successfully completing ITE 115. Students can also meet this requirement by passing the college’s computer competency exam, administered in the testing centers on each campus, in which case they will receive college credit for ITE 115. Students not passing the computer competency exam may retake the exam only once.

CURRICULUM SEQUENCE: The curriculum sequence that follows is one example of how courses may be completed. Students should work with their program advisor to determine the most appropriate sequence.

COURSE

TITLE

LEC.
HRS.

LAB. 
HRS.

CRS.
CRE.

SDV 100

College Success Skills

1

0

1

ENG 111

College Composition I

3

0

3

MTH 103
or
MTH 120

Applied Technical Mathematics
or 
Introduction to Mathematics

3

0

3

___ ___1

Social/Behavioral Science Elective

3

0

3

___ ___1

Humanities/Fine Arts Elective

3

0

3

HRT 1062

Practical Horticulture

0

2

1

HRT 1102

Principles of Horticulture

3

0

3

TOTAL

16

2

17

ENG 112

College Composition II

3

0

3

ITE 115

Introduction to Computer Applications and Concepts

3

0

3

___ ___1

Social/Behavioral Science Elective

3

0

3

HRT 1252,3

Chemicals in Horticulture

2

2

3

HRT 1272

Horticultural Botany

2

2

3

___ ___1

Personal Wellness Elective

0-2

0-4

2

TOTAL

13-15

4-8

17

HRT 2012

Landscape Plant Materials I

2

2

3

HRT___4

Approved HRT Elective

2-3

0-2

3

HRT___4

Approved HRT Elective

2-3

0-2

3

HRT___4

Approved HRT Elective

2-3

0-2

3

HRT___4

Approved HRT Elective

2-3

0-2

3

TOTAL

10-14

2-10

15

HRT 2022

Landscape Plant Materials II

2

2

3

HRT___4

Approved HRT Elective

2-3

0-2

3

HRT___4

Approved HRT Elective

2-3

0-2

3

HRT___4

Approved HRT Elective

2-3

0-2

3

HRT___4

Approved HRT Elective

2-3

0-2

3

HRT 2902,5

Coordinated Internship

0

10

2

TOTAL

10-14

12-20

 17

Total Minimum Credits for AAS Degree in Horticulture 66

03.13.15
1 A list of approved general education electives (humanities/fine arts, social/behavioral sciences, mathematics/science, and personal wellness) is provided in the General Education section of the catalog under Curriculum Planning and Design.

2 Course is required of all Horticulture Technology AAS students.

3 Credit will be given for HRT 125, Chemicals in Horticulture, upon evidence of a valid Commercial Pesticide Applicator Certificate (with an endorsement in 3-A and 3-B) issued from VDACS or completion of HRT 199, Training for Commercial Pesticide Application.

4 Approved HRT electives are listed below according to focus areas in the field of horticulture.

5 Coordinated Internship will be waived on evidence of five or more years’ experience in the green industry. An approved HRT elective will be substituted.



Following is a list of approved Horticulture electives that is organized according to focus areas within the green industry.  In consultation with their HRT advisor, students will select a total of 24 credits of HRT electives from this list that are consistent with students’ career objectives. 

Horticulture electives in the SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE focus

HRT 130 Introduction to Biointensive Mini-farming (3 cr.)

HRT 134 Four Season Food Production (3 cr.)

HRT 238 Growing for Market Mini-farming (3 cr.)

HRT 239 Complete Diet Mini-farming (3 cr.)


Horticulture electives in the LANDSCAPE DESIGN focus

HRT 120 History of Garden Design (3 cr.)

HRT 150 Theory of Landscape Design (3 cr.)

HRT 231 Planting Design I (3 cr.)

HRT 232 Planting Design II (3 cr.)

HRT 235 Landscape Drawing (3 cr.)

HRT 244 Computer-Aided Drafting and Design (CADD) for Landscape Designers (3 cr.)

HRT 249 Perennial Plants (3 cr.)

HRT 275 Landscape Construction and Maintenance (3 cr.)


Horticulture electives in the PLANT PRODUCTION focus

HRT 115 Plant Propagation (3 cr.)

HRT 121 Greenhouse Crop Production I (3 cr.)

HRT 122 Greenhouse Crop Production II (3 cr.)

HRT 225 Nursery and Garden Center Management (3 cr.)

HRT 226 Greenhouse Management (3 cr.)

VEN 100 Introduction to Viticulture (3 cr.)


Horticulture electives in the FLORAL DESIGN focus

HRT 260 Introduction to Floral Design (3 cr.)

HRT 266 Advanced Floral Design (3 cr.)

HRT 268 Advanced Floral Design Applications (3 cr.)


Horticulture electives in the LANDSCAPE and TURF MANAGEMENT focus

HRT 119 Irrigation Systems for Turf and Ornamentals (3 cr.)

HRT 126 Home Landscaping (3 cr.)

HRT 199 Training for Commercial Pesticide Application (3 cr.)

HRT 205 Soils (3 cr.)

HRT 227 Professional Landscape Management (3 cr.)

HRT 249 Perennial Plants (3 cr.)

HRT 259 Arboriculture (3 cr.)

HRT 269 Professional Turf Care (3 cr.)

HRT 275 Landscape Construction and Maintenance (3 cr.)

HRT 295 Sports Turf Management (3 cr.)

HORTICULTURE

HRT 106 Practical Horticulture 1 cr.

Provides practical experience in landscape construction equipment operations and maintenance.Laboratory 2 hours per week

HRT 110 Principles of Horticulture 3 cr.

Introduces concepts of plant growth and development. Covers horticultural practices, crops, and environmental factors affecting plant growth.Lecture 3 hours per week.

HRT 115 Plant Propagation 3 cr.

Teaches principles and practices of plant propagation. Examines commercial and home practices. Provides experience in techniques using seed-spores, cuttings, grafting, budding, layering, and division.Lecture 2 hours.Laboratory 2 hours.Total 4 hours per week.

HRT 119 Irrigation Systems for Turf and Ornamentals 3 cr.

Explains why, when, and how irrigation systems are used by the grounds management industry. Includes component selection, system design, installation, operation, and maintenance.Lecture 2 hours.Laboratory 2 hours.Total 4 hours per week.

HRT 120 History of Garden Design 3 cr.

Studies the development of gardens as they chronicle the development of civilization. Introduces the periods, in both Europe and North America, beginning with settlement and on through industrial development and land and space utilization to current environmental concerns. Explores physical and cultural influences on garden design and utilization.Lecture 3 hours per week.

HRT 121 Greenhouse Crop Production I 3 cr.

Examines commercial practices related to production of floriculture crops. Considers production requirements, environmental control and management, and cultural techniques affecting production of seasonal crops.Lecture 2 hours.Laboratory 2 hours.Total 4 hours per week.

HRT 122 Greenhouse Crop Production II 3 cr.

Continues commercial practices related to production of floriculture crops. Considers production requirements, environmental control and management, and cultural techniques.Lecture 2 hours.Laboratory 2 hours.Total 4 hours per week.

HRT 125 Chemicals in Horticulture 3 cr.

Emphasizes basic chemical principles and their application to horticulture. Introduces principles of inorganic and organic chemicals. Studies chemical activities of insecticides, fungicides, herbicides, fertilizers, and growth regulators. Provides students an opportunity to test for their Commercial Pesticide Applicators License, administered by VDACS, at the end of the course.Lecture 2 hours.Laboratory 2 hours.Total 4 hours per week.

HRT 126 Home Landscaping 3 cr.

Studies current approaches to improving home landscapes. Emphasizes planning, proper implementation, and landscape maintenance.Lecture 3 hours per week.

HRT 127 Horticultural Botany 3 cr.

Studies taxonomy, anatomy, morphology, physiology, and genetics of plants as applied to identification, propagation, and culture.Lecture 2 hours.Laboratory 2 hours.Total 4 hours per week.

HRT 130 Introduction to Biointensive Mini-farming 3 cr.

Familiarizes students, through lecture and demonstration, with small-scale food production by gardening. Covers the basics of composting and organic vegetable gardening using biointensive methods.Lecture 3 hours per week.

HRT 134 Four Season Food Production 3 cr.

Familiarizes students with organic small-scale food production through lecture and demonstration. Includes seed saving, cover crops, and gardening planning.Lecture 3 hours per week.

HRT 135 Training for Commercial Pesticide Application 3 cr.

Introduces students to the principles and practices for safe pesticide usage as required by law in the state of Virginia. Prepares students for the official tests administered by VDACS (Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services).Lecture 3 hours per week.

HRT 150 Theory of Landscape Design 3 cr.

Presents the theoretical aspects of landscape planning and design. Uses theory to analyze and solve design problems.Lecture 3 hours per week.

HRT 190 Coordinated Internship in Horticulture 1 cr.

Provides supervised on-the-job training in selected business, industrial, or service firms in the horticulture industry coordinated by the college.Laboratory 5 hours per week

HRT 195 Topics in Horticulture: Alternative Food Crops and Production Methods 3 cr.

Introduces students to alternative methods and crop choices for growing their own food or growing for market. Provides students the opportunity to gain the knowledge and experience necessary to successfully replicate class projects at their homes or businesses.Lecture 3 hours per week.

HRT 195 Topics in Horticulture: Annuals 1 cr.

Considers annuals used in the landscape. Includes site selection and evaluation for annual culture under various environmental conditions, taxonomic identification, and control of insects and diseases.Lecture 1 hour per week.

HRT 195 Topics in Horticulture: Hydroponics 3 cr.

Introduces students to the general knowledge of water and nutrient relationships as they relate to soilless media. Examines plant/water relationships and optimum nutrition.Lecture 3 hours per week.

HRT 195 Topics in Horticulture: Projects for the Home and Garden 3 cr.

Provides students an opportunity to apply basic knowledge of house and garden projects. Includes the selection and correct use of tools and equipment and practical hands-on installation instruction using the campus site as project models.Lecture 3 hours per week.

HRT 195 Topics in Horticulture: Tree and Shrub Propagation 2 cr.

Introduces propagation methods of select trees and shrubs. Examines sexual and asexual methods and the environmental requirements for each.Lecture 2 hours per week.

HRT 195 Topics in Horticulture: Tree and Shrub Pruning 1 cr.

Introduces the proper methods of pruning for trees and shrubs. Examines proper tool selection, safety, sanitation, and timing of pruning.Lecture 1 hour per week.

HRT 199 Training for Commercial Pesticide Application 3 cr.

Introduces students to the principles and practices for safe pesticide usage as required by law in the state of Virginia. Students will participate in hands-on calibration exercises; take home label exercises; calibration math exercises; classroom lecture and discussion; and two tests. This course is usually taught as a Dynamic Course, meeting for 7 hours once a week for 7 weeks.Lecture 3 hours.

HRT 201 Landscape Plant Materials I 3 cr.

Studies landscape use of plants. Considers ornamental value, growth habit, identification, and limitations. Focuses on trees and shrubs. Part I of II.Lecture 2 hours.Laboratory 2 hours.Total 4 hours per week.

HRT 202 Landscape Plant Materials II 3 cr.

Studies landscape use of plants. Considers ornamental value, growth habit, identification, and limitations. Focuses on trees and shrubs. Part II of II.Lecture 2 hours.Laboratory 2 hours.Total 4 hours per week.

HRT 205 Soils 3 cr.

Teaches theoretical and practical aspects of soils and other growing media. Examines media components, chemical and physical properties, and soil organisms. Discusses management and conservation.Lecture 2 hours.Laboratory 2 hours.Total 4 hours per week.

HRT 225 Nursery and Garden Center Management 3 cr.

Covers aspects of nursery management, including culture, plant handling, and facilities layout. Discusses aspects of garden center management, including planning and layout, purchasing, product selection, marketing, merchandising, and display.Lecture 2 hours.Laboratory 2 hours.Total 4 hours per week.

HRT 226 Greenhouse Management 3 cr.

Discusses the theoretical and applied practices of managing a greenhouse facility. Emphasizes greenhouse construction and design, environmental control, energy conservation, and related topics.Lecture 2 hours.Laboratory 2 hours.Total 4 hours per week.

HRT 227 Professional Landscape Management 3 cr.

Focuses on basic practices and techniques involving landscape management. Includes development of a year-round management calendar and preparation of bid and contract proposals.Lecture 2 hours.Laboratory 2 hours.Total 4 hours per week.

HRT 231 Planting Design I 3 cr.

Applies landscape theory and principles of drawing to the planning of residential and small-scale commercial landscape designs.Lecture 2 hours.Laboratory 2 hours.Total 4 hours per week.

HRT 232 Planting Design II 3 cr.

Applies landscape theory and principles of drawing to the planning of large-scale landscape designs.Lecture 2 hours.Laboratory 2 hours.Total 4 hours per week.

HRT 235 Landscape Drawing 3 cr.

Teaches students the use of drafting equipment. Emphasizes drawing techniques and use of media. Includes hardline and freestyle landscape drawing.Lecture 2 hours.Laboratory 2 hours.Total 4 hours per week.

HRT 238 Growing for Market Mini-farming 3 cr.

Focuses on development of a marketing plan for mini-farm items offered for sale to the public, retail, and wholesale. Includes hands-on experience in double-digging, planting, crop testing, and utilization of compost.Prerequisite: HRT 130 or permission of instructor.Lecture 2 hours.Laboratory 2 hours.Total 4 hours per week.

HRT 239 Complete Diet Mini-farming 3 cr.

Considers biointensive methods by which food can be grown for personal or family consumption, emphasizing high nutritional yield in relatively small areas. Focuses on the development of a garden plan that includes vegetable and root crops and grains used for food and composting.Prerequisite: HRT 130 or permission of instructor.Lecture 3 hours per week.

HRT 244 Computer-Aided Drafting and Design (CADD) for Landscape Designers 3 cr.

Provides instruction in the use of computer-aided drafting and design software for developing landscape plans and supporting information for drawings, such as dimension and area calculations.Prerequisite: HRT 231 or program head approval.Prerequisite or Co-requisite: HRT 232 or permission of instructor.Lecture 3 hours per week.

HRT 249 Perennial Plants 3 cr.

Considers the perennial plants used in the landscape. Includes site selection and evaluation for perennial culture, perennial plant selection, perennial culture under various environmental conditions, taxonomic identification, and control of insects and diseases.Lecture 2 hours.Laboratory 2 hours.Total 4 hours per week.

HRT 259 Arboriculture 3 cr.

Studies the techniques of tree care. Covers surgery, pruning, insect and disease recognition and control, fertilization, cabling, and lightning rod installation.Lecture 2 hours.Laboratory 2 hours.Total 4 hours per week.

HRT 260 Introduction to Floral Design 3 cr.

Teaches skills required for the composition of basic table arrangements. Includes the history of design styles, identification of flowers and greens, identification and use of equipment, and conditioning and handling of flowers.Lecture 2 hours.Laboratory 2 hours.Total 4 hours per week.

HRT 266 Advanced Floral Design 3 cr.

Teaches skills required for composition of traditional floral designs and contemporary floral designs. Includes wedding, funeral, and special occasion designs and the use of exotic florals to create arrangement styles, such as Japanese, European, and Williamsburg.Prerequisite: HRT 260.Lecture 2 hours.Laboratory 2 hours.Total 4 hours per week.

HRT 268 Advanced Floral Design Applications 3 cr.

Teaches skills required for the composition of large floral arrangements. Includes wedding, funeral, and special occasion designs for the home as well as public areas. Includes use of dried and silk flowers for special occasions.Lecture 2 hours.Laboratory 2 hours.Total 4 hours per week.

HRT 269 Professional Turf Care 3 cr.

Covers turfgrass identification, selection, culture, propagation, and pest control. Surveys commercial turf care operations and use of common equipment.Lecture 2 hours.Laboratory 2 hours.Total 4 hours per week.

HRT 275 Landscape Construction and Maintenance 3 cr.

Examines practical applications of commercial landscape construction techniques and materials used. Covers construction, planting, and maintenance.Lecture 2 hours.Laboratory 2 hours.Total 4 hours per week.

HRT 285 Management of a Horticultural Business 3 cr.

Studies the business and selling practices which relate to wholesale and retail horticultural businesses, including garden centers, greenhouses, nurseries, and flower shops. Examines planning and layout, suppliers, merchandising, maintenance, and display of horticultural items. Accounting and bookkeeping requirements, personnel management and hiring practices will also be examined.Lecture 2 hours.Laboratory 2 hours.Total 4 hours per week.

HRT 290 Coordinated Internship in Horticulture 2 cr.

Provides students an opportunity for on-the-job training in selected business, industrial, or service firms coordinated by the college for a total of 160 contact hours, regardless of the length of the term. Student commitment is 160 hours regardless of the semester enrolled.Laboratory 10 hours per week (if a 16-week term)

HRT 295 Topics in Horticulture: Estate Gardens 3 cr.

Introduces students to the diverse management and design processes involved in developing and maintaining large residential or public gardens. Covers in detail different design situations with a focus on public accessibility, design elements, and maintenance considerations. Addresses coordination and implementation of the various elements that go into the creation and maintenance of large gardens.Lecture 3 hours per week.

HRT 295 Topics in Horticulture: From Landscape Design to Installation 3 cr.

Provides students with opportunities to implement a landscape design. Through lectures, demonstrations, and facility tours, students will be able to successfully implement any landscape design.Lecture 3 hours per week.

HRT 295 Topics in Horticulture: Principles of Four-Season Landscapes 3 cr.

Provides students with the knowledge base to create gardens and landscapes with emphasis on each season. Covers the diverse range of plants available for use in landscapes, including rare, unique, and new plant varieties. Teaches proper plant nomenclature, cultural requirements, site placement, and the ability to distinguish the different foliage, texture, color, and habit of selected plants.Prerequisite or Co-requisite: (one of the following courses) HRT 201, HRT 202, HRT 249, HRT 250, or program head approval.Lecture 3 hours per week.

HRT 295 Topics in Horticulture: Sports Turf Management 3 cr.

Addresses the scientific principles for the establishment and maintenance of intensely-managed turfgrass for golf courses and athletic fields. Topics include seeding, sprigging, sodding, irrigation, fertilization, weed identification and control, insect identification and control, fungus identification and control, drainage, and mowing. Also covers critical tasks for constructing recreational turfgrass facilities.Lecture 2 hours.Laboratory 2 hours.Total 4 hours per week.

HRT 295 Topics in Horticulture: Sustainable Landscape Design 3 cr.

Exposes students to the concept of "Sustainable Landscape Design" as presented by the Sustainable Sites Initiative. Studies the Sustainable Sites Initiative, which provides a strong foundation for understanding the requirements as related to site design for LEED certification.Lecture 3 hours per week.


Name Program Email Phone
David Seward Horticulture AAS DSeward@reynolds.edu 804/523-5946

 

Common Job Titles: Accredited Farm Manager (AFM); Aquaculture Cooperative Marketing Director; Aquaculture Director; Aquaculture Program Director; Cash Crop Farmer; Dairy Farmer; Facility Operations Manager; Farm Manager; Farm Operations Technical Director; Farm Operator; Farmer; Fish Hatchery Manager; Garden Center Manager; Grain Farmer; Greenhouse Manager; Grower; Harvesting Manager; Hatchery Manager; Hatchery Supervisor; Horticulturist; Nursery Manager; Perennial House Manager; Production Manager; Propagation Manager; Ranch Manager; Rancher; Recirculating Aquaculture Systems Specialist; Shellfish Manager; Sow Farm Manager


Labor Market Statistics (Richmond, MSA)

Projected number of jobs by 2026: 1,130

Current Wage Range (Entry - Experienced): $39,500 - $89,600


Common Job Titles: Field Manager; Golf Course Superintendent; Grounds Crew Supervisor; Grounds Foreman; Grounds Maintenance Supervisor; Grounds Manager; Grounds Supervisor; Groundskeeper Supervisor; Landscape Manager; Landscape Supervisor


Labor Market Statistics (Richmond, MSA)

Projected number of jobs by 2026: 853

Current Wage Range (Entry - Experienced): $28,400 - $50,100


Bright Outlook Bright Outlook occupations are expected to have rapid growth over the next 10-years (employment increase of 14% or more over the period of 2016-2026), are expected to have a high demand (projected to have 500 or more job openings in the Richmond, MSA over the period of 2016-2026), or are new and emerging occupations in high growth industries.

Green Occupation "Green occupations will likely change as a result of the green economy. Green economy activities and technologies are increasing the demand for occupations, shaping the work and worker requirements needed for occupational performance, or generating new and emerging occupations." -- O*NET

Reynolds Community College makes every attempt to provide students with the best, most accuarate information possible. The data was sourced from external agencies (O*NET and JobsEQ) on January 26, 2017.