Students in class

Practical Nursing

Certificate

PURPOSE: The Practical Nursing Certificate is designed to prepare a student to work as a practical nurse. A student who completes the program is eligible to take the national examination for licensure as a Practical Nurse (LPN).

OCCUPATIONAL OBJECTIVES: To prepare students to work as licensed practical nurses, participating as an integral member of the nursing or health care team involved in health promotion and maintenance activities for the client. The LPN provides direct care for individual clients experiencing common, well-defined health problems with predictable outcomes, in structured health care settings with supervision. Long-term care, hospitals, physicians’ offices, and other comparable structured health care facilities and agencies employ LPNs.

ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS: General college curricular admission

PROGRAM NOTES:  Students must have a high school diploma, GED, or certificate of completion of home schooling to apply to the Practical Nursing Certificate program. 

Program Admission Steps

The following steps must be completed to submit an application to the Practical Nursing program:

  1. Submit official high school transcript, GED, or certificate of completion of home schooling to Central Admissions & Records.
  2. Current certification as a nurse aide in Virginia, with no practice restrictions. A copy of your C.N.A. license must be submitted with the application.
  3. Demonstrate competency through MTE level 5, through the Reynolds placement and diagnostic tests or by satisfactorily completing the required MTE units or equivalent.
  4. Submit official college transcripts, if applicable, to Central Admissions & Records. Courses taken at other colleges that contain equivalent content and credits may transfer to satisfy a program requirement. If a student has attended another VCCS college, a Request for an Evaluation of a VCCS Transcript form (#11-0036) must be submitted with the Application for Admission to the college. This form can be found under student forms on reynolds.edu.
  5. If a non-native English speaker, complete the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL iBT) with a standard score of 84 or above and minimum speaking score of 26. Completion of ENG 111 does not satisfy this requirement. Documentation must be submitted with the application.
    • These scores are based on recommendations from the National Council of State Boards of Nursing for the level of English proficiency required to perform entry-level nursing safely and effectively.
    • TOEFL iBT scores are valid for two years.
  6. Attend a Practical Nursing information session within six (6) months of applying to the Practical Nursing program. This is the only way to obtain an Application to the Practical Nursing program. Information session dates are posted online at http://www.reynolds.edu/get_started/programs/snah/announcements.aspx.
  7. Complete BIO 141, ENG 111, PSY 230, ITE 115, and SDV 100 or SDV 101 with a grade of "C" or above. The GPA for these five (5) courses must be 2.5, or above.
  8. Achieve a cumulative GPA of 2.0 or higher and a curricular GPA of 2.5 or higher.
  9. 9. Complete the Kaplan Nurse Entrance Test, which is free and available through the Reynolds Testing Center. Testing Center dates and times are provided at http://www.reynolds.edu/get_started/programs/snah/announcements.aspx. The Kaplan Nurse Entrance Test may be repeated once. After the second attempt, a student must wait at least 24 months before reattempting. A Kaplan Nurse Entrance Test study guide may be purchased in the Reynolds Bookstore. The minimum scores required for an application to be considered are as follows:
    • Reading - 55% (weight: 30%)
    • Math - 45% (weight: 30%)
    • Science - 45% (weight: 30%)
    • Writing - 45% (weight: 10%)
  10. Submit a completed application following the directions received at the information session by the deadline date.
    • Fall application deadline is the 4th Monday in May.

Admission Process:  Admission will be ranked based on Kaplan admission scores (see above for score weighting). These sub-scores are combined to create an applicant's "admission score" used for ranking.

Accepted students will receive an acceptance letter with additional program requirements information to complete prior to enrollment during a mandatory orientation session. It is important to meet the deadlines identified in this letter. Additional program requirements include the following:

  • Physical exam
  • Evidence of immunity to Measles, Mumps, Rubella, Varicella, and Hepatitis B, and evidence of Tetanus, Diphtheria, and Pertussis immunization within the past seven (7) years.
  • Tuberculosis screening, with negative results (two-step process required)
  • Annual flu vaccination
  • Current American Heart Association BLS Certification for Health Care Providers (C.P.R.)
  • Background check
  • Drug screening
  • Signed Assumption of Risk form
  • Additional program and clinical agency forms

LEGAL REQUIREMENTS: The Virginia Board of Nursing has the authority to deny licensure to an applicant who has violated any of the provisions of 54-367.32 of the Code of Virginia. Health care agencies used for clinical learning experiences also have the right to deny a student participation in direct patient care. Any student entering the program who has committed illegal offenses other than minor traffic violations should discuss these matters with the program head for clarification prior to admission. Criminal background checks are required of all applicants to the Practical Nursing program. Inability of a student to be placed in a clinical site due to a negative background check will result in removal from the program.

ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS OF CLINICAL FACILITIES: Clinical facilities used by the program have additional requirements for students that include updated immunizations, dress codes, and compliance with professional standards. In general, contracts include the following:

  1. Clinical agencies reserve the right to dismiss a student from their agency at any time with good cause.
  2. Compliance with Practical Nursing Dress Code standard.
  3. Strict compliance with all published hospital policies. State and federal regulations and laws mandate some hospital policies. Some violations may result in immediate dismissal from the hospital.
  4. Compliance with health care agency physical exam, immunization, TB, and flu requirements.
  5. The student releases the facility, its agents, and its employees from any liability for any injury or death to self or damage to personal property arising out of the clinical agreement or use of the facility. (Reynolds’ Assumption of Risk document is signed and on file, once the student is accepted into the program.)
  6. The student is financially responsible for any self-medical care, if needed, while in the clinical setting.
  7. The student must maintain a current American Heart Association BLS Certification for Health Care Providers while in the program.
  8. Completion of the required criminal background check and drug screen and any re-screening as identified.  

FUNCTIONAL SKILLS REQUIREMENTS: Students entering the Practical Nursing program must possess the following functional skills:

  1. Sufficient eyesight to observe patients, read records, manipulate equipment, and visually monitor patients in dim light;
  2. Sufficient hearing to communicate with patients and members of a health care delivery team, monitor patients using electronic equipment, hear a patient’s whisper, and hear necessary sounds during operation of equipment;
  3. Satisfactory speaking, reading, and writing skills to communicate effectively in English in a timely manner;
  4. Sufficient bilateral finger dexterity to manipulate equipment;
  5. Ability to lift, stoop, or bend in the delivery of safe nursing care;
  6. Satisfactory physical strength and endurance to stand for extended periods, push equipment, and move immobile patients; and
  7. Satisfactory intellectual and emotional functioning to ensure patient safety and to exercise independent judgment and discretion in performing assigned tasks.

ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE POLICY:

  1. A minimum grade of "C" is required for all courses in the Practical Nursing curriculum.  A "C" is equal to 80% in all practical nursing courses.
  2. Students must obtain permission from the program head to continue in the program under the following conditions:
    • repeating a nursing course with a grade below "C"
    • withdrawing from a nursing course for any reason
  3. In accordance with VCCS policy, a student is limited to two attempts of the same course.
  4. Additional policies for the program are listed in the Practical Nursing Student Handbook, which is given to students at the mandatory orientation.

PROGRESSION THROUGH THE PROGRAM: The college offers this program in affiliation with the health care agencies and practitioners in the communities the college serves. The college relies on its community affiliates to provide clinical education opportunities for its students, expert clinical preceptors, and course instructors for many courses. The often rapid changes in health care law, standards of practice, technology, and content of credentialing examinations increasingly may necessitate sudden changes in the program's course content, policies, procedures, and course scheduling. As a result, the college cannot guarantee every student continuous and uninterrupted clinical and course instruction as outlined in the printed catalog curriculum for this program. Circumstances beyond the control of the college may necessitate the postponement of course offerings or changes in the sequencing and/or location of scheduled courses or clinical assignments. Additionally, the college may have to change the instructor for courses after instruction has started.

ESTIMATED PROGRAM COST:

Tuition (41 credits @ $166.60/credit)*

6830.60

Books, equipment, supplies

1200.00

Special testing across the curriculum

600.00

Uniforms and shoes

220.00

Background, drug screening, and electronic document manager  

225.00

Health requirements

100.00 – 400.00

Licensure applications

425.00

Travel to clinical sites

Variable

TOTAL

$9,600.60 - $9,900.60

*Please note that tuition may change.

 

Reynolds’ Graduate NCLEX-PN LICENSURE EXAMINATION PASS RATES:  NCLEX-PN licensure examination pass rates for Licensed Practical/Vocational Nurses are provided below for 2012 – 2017:

Year

Enrolled

Completion

NCLEX_PN Pass Rate

2016 - 2017

17

15

93.8%

2015 - 2016

19

9

100%

2014 - 2015

20

8

81.25%

2013 – 2014

20

15

82.76%

2012 – 2013

28

20

75%

 

PRACTICAL NURSING PROGRAM OUTCOMES:
The Practical Nursing program prepares students to practice in a multi-cultural, multi-ethnic community as demonstrated by the college and community demographic data. Upon successful completion of the program, a student will be able to:

  1. Provide safe care in multiple settings with a variety of patients including those with cognitive and physical limits (Safety).
  2. Support desired health outcomes in patients while respecting dignity, diversity, and self-determination of patients and families (Quality).
  3. Collaborate with patients, families, and the interprofessional team to assist in planning, delivery, and coordination of patient-centered care to assigned patients (Team/Collaboration).
  4. Demonstrate caring and respect in culturally appropriate, individualized interactions with patients, family, and health care team. (Relationship-Centered Care).
  5. Manage system resources to support optimal care for patients (Systems-Based Care).
  6. Reflect on individual and professional areas of practice which support self-fulfillment (Personal/Professional Development).

GAINFUL EMPLOYMENT DISCLOSURE INFORMATION: Please see  http://www.reynolds.edu/curriculum/gainful-employment-html/ge_info_157.html to access gainful employment disclosure information for this program. 

COMPUTER COMPETENCY REQUIREMENT: All applicants to the Practical Nursing program must either pass the computer competency exam, administered in the testing centers at each campus, or successfully complete ITE 115 or CSC 155. Students not passing the computer competency exam may retake the exam only once. Students who do not pass the exam after retaking it once must then complete ITE 115 or CSC 155.

Prerequisite Requirements:

COURSE

TITLE

LEC. HRS.

LAB.

HRS.

CRS. CRE.

SDV 100
or
SDV 101

College Success Skills
or
Orientation to Health Science

1

0

1

ENG 111

College Composition I

3

0

3

PSY 230

Developmental Psychology

3

0

3

BIO 1411

Human Anatomy and Physiology I

3

3

4

ITE 115

Introduction to Computer Applications and Concepts

3

0

3

TOTAL

13

3

14

Part-Time Practical Nursing Course Sequence

Semester 1

BIO 1421

Human Anatomy and Physiology II

3

3

4

HLT 1452

Ethics for Health Care Personnel

1

0

1

PNG 110

Patient-Centered Concepts

2

0

2

PNG 115

Patient-Centered Concepts Clinical

0

6

2

TOTAL

6

9

9

Semester 2

HCT 110

Therapeutic Communication in the Health Care Setting

3

0

3

PNG 120

Patient-Centered Care I

2

3

3

PNG 125

Patient-Centered Care I Clinical

0

6

2

TOTAL

5

9

8

Semester 3

PNG 210

Patient-Centered Care II

3

3

4

PNG 215

Patient-Centered Care II Clinical

0

6

2

TOTAL

3

9

6

Semester 4

PNG 220

Patient-Centered Care III

4

0

4

PNG 225

Patient-Centered Care III Clinical

0

9

3

TOTAL

4

9

7

Total Minimum Credits for Certificate in Practical Nursing

44

 06.20.18 

1 The Science Department requires evidence of any of the following prerequisites for enrollment in BIO 141:  BIO 101 with grade of C or above (or an equivalent); or high school biology and chemistry with grades of C or above within seven (7) years of registering for the course; TEAS science sub-test score of 75% or higher; and completion of ENF 2, if required by placement test.

2HLT 145 may be completed at any point in the curriculum. It must be completed to meet a graduation requirement.  

BIOLOGY

BIO 1 Foundations of Biology (4 cr.)

Develops a basic understanding of plant and animal form, function, and relationships. Prepares students who have a deficiency in high school biology. Credits cannot be included in any of the college�s academic program. Lecture 4 hours per week.

BIO 100 Basic Human Biology (3 cr.)

Presents basic principles of human anatomy and physiology. Discusses cells, tissues, and selected human systems. Not intended for students in college transfer AA or AS degree. Prerequisite: Completion of ENF 2, if required by placement test or instructor/advisory approval. Lecture 3 hours per week.

BIO 101 General Biology I (4 cr.)

Focuses on foundations in cellular structure, metabolism, and genetics in an evolutionary context. Explores the core concepts of evolution; structure and function; information flow, storage and exchange; pathways and transformations of energy and matter; and systems biology. Emphasizes process of science, interdisciplinary approach, and relevance of biology to society. Part I of a two-course sequence. Prerequisite: Completion of ENF 2 and MTE 1-3, if required by placement test. Lecture 3 hours. Recitation and Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.

BIO 102 General Biology II (4 cr.)

Focuses on diversity of life, anatomy and physiology of organisms, and ecosystem organization and processes in an evolutionary context. Explores the core concepts of evolution; structure and function; information flow, storage and exchange; pathways and transformations of energy and matter; and systems biology. Emphasizes process of science, interdisciplinary approach, and relevance of biology to society. Part II of a two-course sequence. Prerequisite: Satisfactory completion of BIO 101. Lecture 3 hours. Recitation and Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.

BIO 106 Life Science (4 cr.)

Provides a topical approach to basic biological principles. Includes the scientific process, characteristics of living organisms, molecular aspects of cells, bioenergetics, cellular and organismal reproduction genetics, evolution, some human organ systems, and ecology. Designed for the non-science major. Credits in this course do not count toward the AS in Science degree options. Prerequisite: Satisfactory scores on the reading and writing placement tests; students should not be enrolled in a remedial reading or writing course while enrolled in this course. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.

BIO 107 Biology of the Environment (4 cr.)

Presents the basic concepts of environmental science through a topical approach. Includes the scientific method, population growth and migration, use of natural resources and waste management, ecosystem simplification and recovery, evolution, biogeochemical cycles, photosynthesis and global warming, geological formations, atmosphere and climate, ozone depletion, pollution examples and anti-pollution laws, and acid deposition. Environmental Sustainability Designation: Course content related to the study of sustainable development. Prerequisite: Completion of ENF 2, if required by placement test or instructor/advisor approval. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.

BIO 141 Human Anatomy and Physiology I (4 cr.)

Integrates anatomy and physiology of cells, tissues, organs, and systems of the human body. Integrates concepts of chemistry, physics, and pathology. Part I of II. Prerequisites: (1) BIO 101 (or an equivalent) or high school biology and chemistry completed within seven years of registering for this course with a grade of C or better or a score of 75% or higher on the Test of Essential Academic Skills (TEAS) or advisor approval, and (2) completion of ENF 2, if required by placement test, or instructor/advisor approval. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.

BIO 142 Human Anatomy and Physiology II (4 cr.)

Integrates anatomy and physiology of cells, tissues, organs, and systems of the human body. Integrates concepts of chemistry, physics, and pathology. Part II of II. Prerequisite: BIO 141. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.

BIO 149 Microbiology for Allied Health (1 cr.)

Studies the characteristics of microorganisms that are especially important to programs in the Allied Health fields. This course also emphasizes these characteristics in regard to individual and community health. Prerequisites: ENG 111, MTH 126, and BIO 141 (or NAS 161 or BIO 231)

BIO 150 Introductory Microbiology (4 cr.)

Studies the general characteristics of microorganisms. Emphasizes their relationships to individual and community health. Prerequisites: completion of ENF 2, if required by placement test, and completion of MTE 1-3. Lecture 3 hours. Recitation and laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.

BIO 205 General Microbiology (4 cr.)

Examines morphology, genetics, physiology, ecology, and control of microorganisms. Emphasizes application of microbiological techniques to selected fields. Prerequisites: BIO 101-102 and CHM 111-112 or equivalent, or permission of instructor. CHM 101-102 are acceptable equivalent courses. Credits for CHM 101-102 do not count toward the AS in Science degree. Lecture 3 hours. Recitation and laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.

BIO 206 Cell Biology (4 cr.)

Introduces the ultrastructure and functions of cells. Emphasizes cell metabolism, cell division, and control of gene expression. Prerequisite: One year of college biology and one year of college chemistry. Lecture 3 hours. Recitation and Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.

BIO 231 Human Anatomy and Physiology I (4 cr.)

Integrates the study of gross and microscopic anatomy with physiology, emphasizing the analysis and interpretation of physiological data. Part I of II. Prerequisites: One year of college biology and one year of college chemistry or school approval. Lecture 3 hours. Recitation and Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.

BIO 232 Human Anatomy and Physiology II (4 cr.)

Integrates the study of gross and microscopic anatomy with physiology, emphasizing the analysis and interpretation of physiological data. Part II of II. Prerequisites: One year of college biology and one year of college chemistry or school approval and BIO 231. Lecture 3 hours. Recitation and Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.

BIO 256 General Genetics (4 cr.)

Explores the principles of genetics ranging from classical Mendelian inheritance to the most recent advances in the biochemical nature and function of the gene. Includes experimental design and statistical analysis. Prerequisites: BIO 101, BIO 102, CHM 111, and CHM 112. Lecture 3 hours. Recitation and laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.

BIO 270 General Ecology (3 cr.)

Studies interrelationships between organisms and their natural and cultural environments with emphasis on populations, communities, and ecosystems. Prerequisites: BIO 101 and 102 or departmental approval. Lecture 2 hours. Recitation and laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.

BIO 299 Supervised Study in Biology: Advanced Microbiology (4 cr.)

Assigns problems for independent study incorporating previous instruction and supervised by the instructor. Provides students the opportunity to research scientific literature on their selected topic, design and conduct a lab study, assemble and analyze observed lab data, and complete a final report on this research. Prerequisites: One year of college biology (BIO 101 and 102) and one semester of college chemistry (CHM 111 or CHM 101) or faculty approval. Prerequisite or Co-requisite: BIO 205. Lecture 4 hours per week.

BIO 299 Supervised Study in Biology: Intermediate Microbiology (2 cr.)

Assigns problems for independent study incorporating previous instruction and supervised by the instructor. Provides students the opportunity to research scientific literature on their selected topic, design and conduct a lab study, assemble and analyze observed lab data, and complete a final report on this research. Prerequisites: One year of college biology and one semester of college chemistry or faculty approval. Prerequisite or Co-requisite: BIO 205. Lecture 2 hours per week.

BIO 299 Supervised Study in Ecology: Advanced (4 cr.)

Assigns problems for independent study incorporating previous instruction and supervised by the instructor. Provides students an opportunity to research scientific literature on their selected topic, design a field study to be conducted, assemble and analyze observed field data, and complete a final report on this research. Prerequisites: One year of college biology (including BIO 102) and MTH 161 or MTH 167 or faculty approval. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 6 hours. Total 8 hours per week.

BIO 299 Supervised Study in Ecology: Intermediate (2 cr.)

Assigns problems for independent study incorporating previous instruction and supervised by the instructor. Provides students the opportunity to research scientific literature on their selected topic, design a field study to be conducted, assemble and analyze observed field data, and complete a final report on this research. Prerequisites: One year of college biology (including BIO 102) and MTH 161 or MTH 167 or faculty approval. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 4 hours per week.

Name Program Email Phone
Wendy Falls Pre-Practical Nursing CSC Wfalls@reynolds.edu 523-5577