Medical Laboratory Technology AAS
Students in class

Medical Laboratory Technology

Associate of Applied Science

PURPOSE: The Medical Laboratory Technology major is designed to prepare students for certification and employment as Medical Laboratory Technicians. Upon satisfactory completion of the program, the student is eligible to apply for national certification examinations. With satisfactory completion of the national certification exam, students are eligible to pursue a Bachelor’s degree in Clinical Laboratory Science with either Virginia Commonwealth University or Old Dominion University

OCCUPATIONAL OBJECTIVES: Positions for Medical Laboratory Technicians are available in hospitals, private laboratories, physicians’ offices, health departments, and industrial medical laboratories. 

ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS: General college curricular admission and program specific criteria

PROGRAM NOTES: Students must be accepted to this program to enroll in MDL major/clinical courses (MDL 110 and higher). 

  1. Students interested in the Medical Laboratory Technology program should first enroll in the Health Science I Career Studies Certificate (CSC) to complete the prerequisite courses.  Completion (or near completion) of the designated prerequisites is required for admission to the program.
  2. Upon satisfactory completion of the five-semester AAS degree, graduates will be eligible to take the Medical Laboratory Technology examinations (e.g., ASCP, AMT, or equivalent) for national certification.  The national certification exam is not a requirement for graduation; however, it is strongly recommended and may be required for employment, depending upon the employer.
  3. Upon satisfactory completion of the national certification exam, graduates are eligible to pursue a bachelor’s degree in Clinical Laboratory Science with either Virginia Commonwealth University or Old Dominion University.
  4. It is recommended that the students have appropriate health insurance.  Students are responsible for covering the cost of medical care that they may require while in the clinical setting.
  5. The MDL courses may be taken for retraining by certified technologists who have been out of the field for a period of time.  While admission to the program is not required, permission of the program head is required prior to registration for MDL courses.

Courses in the program are offered on campus as well as via distance learning.  Students in the distance program must attend mandatory laboratory classes at college-designated sites or may be required to come to campus for labs.  Tests may be taken at an approved testing center as determined by the faculty member and the program head. 

Medical Laboratory Technology AAS Student Learning Outcomes:

The National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Science (NAACLS) describes entry-level competencies for the medical laboratory technician as follows: The medical laboratory technician will possess the entry-level competencies necessary to perform routine clinical laboratory tests in areas, such as clinical chemistry, hematology/hemostasis, immunology, immunohematology/transfusion medicine, microbiology, urine and body fluid analysis, and laboratory operations. 

The level of analysis ranges from waived and point of care testing to complex testing encompassing all major areas of the clinical laboratory. The medical laboratory technician will have diverse functions in areas of pre-analytical, analytical, and post-analytical processes. The medical laboratory technician will have responsibilities for information processing, training, and quality control monitoring wherever clinical laboratory testing is performed.

Reynolds Medical Laboratory Technology Program Outcomes
The educational experiences in the Medical Laboratory Technology program are designed to ensure that students are well prepared to enter the profession of medical laboratory technology and continue to learn throughout their professional career. At completion of the program, graduates will be able to 

  1. Exhibit patient confidentiality within HIPAA parameters;
  2. Demonstrate consistent safe practice within industry-level safety standards;
  3. Demonstrate job entry-level precision and accuracy in performing procedures;
  4. Formulate accurate reports within industry-level reporting parameters;
  5. Analyze and record test and quality control data within industry-level accuracy standards;
  6. Distinguish reportable vs. non-reportable test results using established industry criteria;
  7. Troubleshoot non-reportable test results;
  8. Discuss laboratory testing in terms of theory, technique, quality control, and interpretation; and
  9. Perform routine testing of adult, infant, and geriatric patient samples in specified rotations. 

Application Requirements:

  1. Admission to the MDL program is competitive and only limited numbers of students are accepted (usually 15 in fall semester and 15 in spring semester).
  2. To be eligible for admission into the MDL program and courses, applicants must have completed (or be near completion) of the following designated prerequisites:  SDV 101, ITE 115/CSC 155, ENG 111, BIO 145, MTH 155/MTH 161, ENG 112, CHM 101/CHM 111, and HLT 115/PED 109/PED 111/PED 117.
  3. Completion of the prerequisite courses does not guarantee admission to the AAS degree program.  Transfer students must declare the Health Science I CSC as their major until formally admitted to the program.
  4. Applicants must complete and submit an MDL application portfolio to the program director for consideration.  Instructions for completing the Medical Laboratory Technology application packet are located below.
  5. Fully qualified students will be ranked according to GPA, prior degrees achieved, and a completed application packet.  (See the program application packet for full explanation of ranking of applicants.)
  6. A minimum GPA of 2.5 in the designated prerequisite courses is required for consideration.  
  7. Official transcripts from all previously attended colleges must be submitted to Central Admissions for consideration.
  8. Advanced placement opportunities are based on evaluation of transcripts and clinical work experience, and must be discussed with the program head.
  9. A criminal background check, drug screen, and documentation of immunizations are required prior to placement for clinical rotations.

Application Deadlines:

  • Fall Start: May 15 with notification in mid-June
  • Spring Start: October 1 with notification in early November

Medical Laboratory Technology Application Packet:
The application packet is available at the following url:

Medical Laboratory Technology Student Handbook:
This handbook is available at the following url:

ESSENTIAL SKILLS REQUIREMENTS: Students entering the MDL program must possess the following skills:

  • Sufficient eyesight, including color vision, to observe microscopic cells and features within cells, read records, manipulate equipment, and visually read procedures, graphs, and test results.
  • Sufficient hearing to communicate with patients and members of the health care delivery team, monitor patients using electronic equipment, and hear necessary sounds during operation of equipment.
  • Satisfactory speaking, reading, and writing skills to effectively communicate in English in a timely manner.
  • Sufficient gross and fine motor coordination to exhibit excellent eye-hand coordination and dexterity to manipulate equipment.
  • Sufficient ability to lift, stoop, or bend in the delivery of safe laboratory testing.
  • Satisfactory physical strength and endurance to be on feet for extended periods and to move heavy equipment and supplies. Sitting, walking, bending, and reaching motions are also requirements of most positions.
  • Satisfactory intellectual, emotional, and psychological health and functioning to ensure patient safety and to exercise independent judgment and discretion in performing assigned tasks.
  • Satisfactory time management of multiple priorities and stimuli to operate in fast-paced environments.
  • Sufficient analysis, synthesis, and comprehension skills to follow detailed instructions and effectively operate in a laboratory setting. 


  1. Students who have a break in their enrollment must meet with the program head to review current enrollment requirements.  In some cases, students may be required to retake MDL courses.
  2. All students must successfully pass a comprehensive clinical readiness assessment prior to placement in clinical rotations.  Attendance during one summer session may be required.
  3. Students must earn a course grade of "C" or better in all courses within the curriculum.  Any student who receives a final grade lower than “C” in any course must repeat the course.  Students failing to obtain “C” or better in any two MDL prefix courses will not be able to progress in the MDL program.
  4. Courses with the MDL prefix must be completed successfully prior to entering the final coordinated internship courses.

CLINICAL PROGRESSION:  The college offers this program in affiliation with the health care agencies and practitioners in the communities the college serves.  The college relies on its community affiliates to provide clinical education opportunities for its students, expert clinical preceptors, and course instructors for many courses.  The often rapid changes in health care law, standards of practice, technology, and content of credentialing examinations increasingly necessitate sudden changes in the program’s course content, policies, procedures, and course scheduling.  As a result, the college cannot guarantee every student continuous and uninterrupted clinical and course instruction as outlined in the printed catalog curriculum for this program.  Circumstances beyond the control of the college may necessitate the postponement of course offerings or changes in the sequencing and/or location of scheduled courses or clinical assignments.  Additionally, the college may have to change the instructor for courses after instruction has started.

FINANCIAL REQUIREMENTS: In addition to the regular college tuition and fees, the Medical Laboratory Technology program requires the items listed below (these fees are approximate and subject to change):

Books and Supplies (varies):


Scrubs and Shoes:


Lab Tests and Immunizations (varies):


Background Check (varies):


Drug Screen (varies):


Travel to Clinical Affiliates


Note: An additional fee for the national certification examination is not a requirement for graduation and is not included above. The fee is approximately $215.00.













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1Pass within first year of program completion

COMPUTER COMPETENCY REQUIREMENT: Students in this program will meet the college’s computer competency requirement by successfully completing ITE 115 or CSC 155. Students can also meet this requirement by passing the college’s computer competency exam, administered in the testing centers on each campus, in which case they will receive college credit for ITE 115 or CSC 155. Students not passing the computer competency exam may retake the exam only once. 

PROGRAM ACCREDITATION AND ADMINISTRATION: The Medical Laboratory Technology program is accredited by the National Accreditation Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences, 5600 N. River Rd., Suite 720, Rosemont, IL 60018 (773-714-8880 and The program director is D. Gayle Melberg, MS, MT (ASCP), an experienced medical laboratory scientist and certified medical technologist. 






SDV 1011

Orientation to Health Science



ITE 1152

Introduction to Computer Applications and Concepts



ENG 111

College Composition I



BIO 145

Basic Human Anatomy and Physiology



MTH 155
MTH 161

Statistical Reasoning
Precalculus I



ENG 112

College Composition II



CHM 101


CHM 111

Introductory Chemistry


General Chemistry I



PED 1093
PED 1113
PED 1173
HLT 1153
Personal Wellness Elective 1


PHI 2203
PHI 2273
Humanities/Fine Arts Elective 3


PSY 230
SOC 200
Social/Behavioral Science Elective 3


MDL 1004 Introduction to Medical Laboratory Technology 2


MDL 1105 Urinalysis and Body Fluids 3


MDL 1255

Clinical Hematology I



MDL 2515

Clinical Microbiology I



MDL 2615

Clinical Chemistry and Instrumentation I



MDL 190

Coordinated Practice in Phlebotomy (MLT)



MDL 210

Immunology and Serology



MDL 225

Clinical Hematology II



MDL 252 Clinical Microbiology II 3


MDL 216 Blood Banking 3


MDL 281 Clinical Correlations (on-line course) 1


MDL 290 Coordinated Practice in Blood Bank/Transfusion Medicine    2


MDL 290 Coordinated Practice in Clinical Chemistry 2


MDL 290 Coordinated Practice in Hematology 2


MDL 290

Coordinated Practice in Microbiology



Medical Laboratory Technology Associate of Applied Science 66


1 SDV 100 may be substituted for SDV 101.
2 CSC 155 may be substituted for ITE 115.
3 Choose one of the courses.
4 Career exploration prior to program application.
5 Acceptance into the program.

Name Program Email Phone
Donna (Gayle) Melberg Medical Laboratory Technology AAS 804/523-5763


Common Job Titles1: Certified Clinical Laboratory Technician; Clinical Laboratory Scientist; Clinical Laboratory Technician (Clinical Lab Technician); Laboratory Assistant (Lab Assistant); Laboratory Supervisor; Laboratory Technician; Medical Laboratory Technician (MLT); Medical Laboratory Technicians (Medical Lab Technician); Medical Technician

Labor Market Statistics (Richmond, MSA)

Projected Employment (2029): 979

Current Wage Range (Entry - Experienced): $35,800 - $62,500

Bright Outlook Bright Outlook occupations are expected to have rapid growth over the next 10-years (employment increase of 10% or more in the Richmond, MSA over the period of 2019-2029) or are expected to have a high demand (projected to have 750 or more job openings in the Richmond, MSA over the period of 2019-2029).

1 This program may prepare you for one or more of the listed jobs; however, graduates may not be qualified for all of the jobs listed in this section.

Reynolds Community College makes every attempt to provide students with the best, most accurate information possible. The data was sourced from external agencies (O*NET and JobsEQ) on January 29, 2020.