Reynolds Writing Studio Handouts

Writing Academic Paragraphs [PDF]
This handout discusses the different parts and functions of academic paragraphs. Academic paragraphs are usually well-developed paragraphs that use evidence to support a single, specific claim. They are usually longer and denser than paragraphs in other types of writing (e.g. newspapers, magazines, etc.).

Using Commas [PDF]
This handout discusses some uses for commas, as well as common errors that writers make when using commas.

Editing Strategies [PDF]
This handout is meant to give you different editing strategies to help revise your writing. Editing usually comes after you have made significant revision to a first draft of writing. When writers edit, they focus on the larger structure of the writing, coherence, expanding sections and paragraphs, adding evidence to support claims, and making sure sentences clearly communicate what they are meant to communication to the reader.

Proofreading Strategies [PDF]
This handout gives you strategies for proofreading your writing. Proofreading is usually the last step of the writing process to ensure that your writing is free of typos and other surface errors that can distract from your message and meaning.

Run-On Sentence & Sentence Fragments [PDF]
Many writers struggle with sentence-boundary issues. The two biggest sentence-boundary issues are fragments and run-on sentences. This handout gives you information about these issues and shows you different strategies for finding and fixing them.

Summary Versus Analysis [PDF]
Summary and analysis are two important tools of academic writing. However, sometimes it can be difficult to tell the difference between the two. This handout will help you understand how summary differs from analysis and how each is used in academic writing.

Thesis Statements [PDF]
This handout discusses thesis statements: what they are, how they are used, and how to write/improve thesis statements.

Ways to Expand an Essay [PDF]
Often writing assignments have a minimum length. It can be frustrating when you're struggling to make an essay longer. This handout gives you seven concrete ways to expand an essay while also making it more detailed, descriptive, and analytical.

ESL Writers Resources
The Reynolds ESL department has recommended these online resources for ESL writers.

Outside Writing Resources

Below is a collection of useful outside writing resources organized by the writing stage.


"Understanding Your Instructor's Prompt" GMU Writing Center

"Brainstorming" UNC Writing Center

"Writing Anxiety" UNC Writing Center

"College Writing Myths" UT Writing Center

"Audience" JMU Writing Center

"Reading to Write" UNC Writing Center

"Sources" VCU Writing Center

"Writer's Block" GMU Writing Center


"Quotation" UNC Writing Center

"Writing Introductions" UT Writing Center

"Introductions" UNC Writing Center

"Thesis Statements" UNC Writing Center

"Conclusions" UNC Writing Center

Integrating Sources into Your Writing" PVCC Writing Center

"Signal Phrases" GMU Writing Center

"When to Summarize, Paraphrase, and Quote" GMU Writing Center

Grammar & Mechanics

"Fragments and Run-ons" UNC Writing Center

"Sentence Patterns" UNC Writing Center

"Commas" UNC Writing Center

"Passive Voice" UT Writing Center

"Semicolons, Colons, and Em Dashes" UT Writing Center

"Transitions" UT Writing Center

"Style, Voice, and Tone" UMUC Writing Center

"Subject-Verb Agreement" GMU Writing Center

Editing & Revising

"Editing and Proofreading" UNC Writing Center

"Revising" GMU Writing Center

"23 Ways to Improve Your Draft" GMU Writing Center

"Editing Checklist" GMU Writing Center

Citation Styles

Reynolds Library Guide: MLA

Reynolds Library Guide: APA

"APA Style Quick-Guide" GMU Writing Center

"MLA Style Quick-Guide" GMU Writing Center